GARDENS OF VERSAILLES
In 1661 The king of France Louis XIV entrusted André Le Nôtre with the creation of the gardens of Versailles, which he considered just as important as the Palace.
The work on the gardens was started at the same time as the work on the palace and lasted for 40 or so years.
During this time André Le Nôtre collaborated with the likes of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Super intendant of Buildings to the King from 1664 to 1683, who managed the project, and Charles Le Brun, who was made First Painter to the King in January 1664 and provided the drawings for a large number of the statues and fountains.
Creating the gardens was a monumental task, large amounts of soil had to be shifted to level the ground, create parterres, build the Orangery and dig out the fountains and Canal in places previously occupied solely by meadows and marshes.
Trees were brought in from different regions of France, thousands of men, sometimes even entire regiments, took part in this immense project.
Each project was reviewed by the King Louis XIV himself, who was keen to see “every detail”.
Not long after, the architect Jules Hardouin - Mansart, having been made First Architect to the King and Super intendant of Buildings, built the Orangery and simplified the outlines of the Park, in particular by modifying or opening up some of the groves.
To maintain the design, the garden needed to be replanted approximately once every 100 years.
Following damage caused by a series of storms in the late 20th century, including one in December 1999, which was the most devastating, the garden has been fully replanted and now boasts a fresh, youthful appearance similar to how it would have looked to Louis XIV.
André Le Nôtre is one of the mythical figures of French history, Landscaper, architect and urban planner, André Le Nôtre became the embodiment of the "French garden", and was the first gardener ennobled.
The revolutionary gardens of André le Nôtre
The classic "French" gardens of André le Nôtre are inspired by Italian gardens, enclosed, delimited by a wall, with carved bushes, fountains, statues.
But in addition, André Le Nôtre conquered the space played with the perspectives, created flower beds, fountains, canals, ponds and forests with a grace and majesty unknown until then, in his parks he invents tours full of surprises.
The gardens created by André le Nôtre are characterized by a principle of symmetry to equal perfection, are staggered in horizontal terraces so that the flower beds could be seen from the highest parts.
André Le Nôtre creates an image of an organized, hierarchical and codified nature.
Before, nature was hostile, chaotic, but in the 17th century an idea of a principle of order applied to the universe reigns, and André Le Nôtre is the first to organize space on a large scale: the great axis of composition of Versailles measures 12 kilometers long, something never seen before in Europe.
He applied gigantism to the gardens and the landscape visible to the horizon, which is the most impressive of the gardens of André Le Nôtre.
On the other hand, André Le Nôtre transformed nature into scenery, the gardens change little with the passing of the seasons, and they have few flowers, since in the 17th century they were scarce and highly appreciated, but the flower beds are authentic masterpieces, carved with different shapes with a unique mastery, the famous broderies or decorative lace formed by trimmed hedges that form drawings.
André Le Nôtre and his architectural conception of the landscape, the beginnings of André Le Nôtre were in the Tuileries and the Palais-Royal, but he completed his apprenticeship with an artistic background in Simon Vouet's workshop in the Louvre, acquiring practical knowledge of the techniques of his time.
He was the one who founded the profession of landscape architect, interested in building majestic avenues, planting water beds in the perspective axis, designing fountains.
He was the first to have conceived or supervised, both the structure of a park as a whole and the detail of the beds or constructions, providing new solutions to the vast manorial domains and the organization of the territory.
But his art crossed borders and he is credited with numerous regular-style gardens built from the end of the seventeenth century in different parts of Europe, and today is still a model and a reference for landscape designers.
The Orangerie, L'ORANGERIE
André Le Nôtre organized the gardens of Versailles around two axes, north-south and east-west.
The first part of the basin of Neptune, goes up by the alley of Water and continues until the Orangery and the piece of Water of the Swiss lake.
The second, called Grande Perspective, crosses the gardens like an axis of symmetry, beyond the Latona basin, it follows the royal alley to the Grand Canal.
The effects of optics and surprise are characteristics of the French garden that the gardener of the king masters to perfection and employs in Versailles especially in this perspective.
In that period exotic fruits were brought from abroad to the Chateau de Versailles, and as the plants were sensitive to the harsh winter weather from this part of France, a giant orangery was built capable of containing thousands of the most exotic trees, like citrus trees and palm trees, where they will be moved to the Orangerie to spend the winter season, from November to April.
Instead of stressing the plants and trees by transplanting several times a year from the gardens to the orangery, by planting and replanting these trees two times a year, André Le Nôtre invented a portable planter box where the trees could remain permanently all year long.
Due to the harsh climate in France and also due to the heavy weight of the trees, the orange tree planter boxes were manufactured with an exceptional solidity, as we still do, our orange tree planter boxes are even stronger than in 17th century because we are using 21st century materials much more stronger and lighter with an improved ability to withstand the harshest weather conditions.
The Architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart started the construction of the Orangerie Below the Château de Versailles.
The Orangerie of Versailles by its dimensions and the purity of its lines, is one of the places where Jules Hardouin-Mansart has best affirmed his talent as a great architect.
Orange trees from Portugal, Spain or Italy, lemon trees, palms or pomegranates, some of them up to more than 200 years old, all these shrubs are kept in winter in the Orangerie and deployed in the summer on his flowerbed.
The Chateau of Versailles has an Orangery since 1663, built by Louis Le Vau.
The location is excellent, facing south, it is protected from the cold winds prevailing by its position under the parterre du Midi. Twenty years later, Jules Hardouin-Mansart doubled the length of this first orangery, as well as its width, to make a huge building.
The central gallery is more than 150 meters long and its vault is 13 meters high, two galleries in return end under the monumental stairs of the Cent-Marches, which act as buttresses to the ensemble, the walls, from 4 to 5 meters thick, the double windows of the bays and the exposure to the South allow to maintain the winter a temperature which does not go down below 5 ° C.
To populate the Orangery, Louis XIV gathers all the orange trees of the royal houses and multiplies the acquisitions of new subjects in Italy, Spain and Portugal.
It is then fashionable among the courtiers, to pay their court to the king, to offer their own orange trees, the haste with which they are transported (even in the middle of winter) causes many losses, but the Orangery of Versailles can soon boast of having the largest collection in Europe.
Useful information for your visit to the Palace of Versailles
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To make the most of your visit at Versailles, plan to spend a full day in the estate.
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Getting to the Palace of Versailles
Place d’Armes, 78000 Versailles
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GARDENS OF VERSAILLES PLANTER BOXES
made by JARDINIER DU ROI
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AUTHENTIC GARDENS OF VERSAILLES PLANTER BOXES
manufactured by JARDINIER DU ROI
Authentic gardens of versailles planter boxes are Inspired by the work of André Le Nôtre, gardener of the King Louis XIV of France, this beautiful gardens of versailles planter boxes from L'Orangerie from the palace of Versailles are perfect for topiaries and small trees.
The original gardens of versailles planter boxes were created in 17th century owes its reputation to its superior quality materials and unique technical specifications, resulting in an entirely French-made art-craftsmanship piece.
The first original gardens of versailles planter boxes also know as Versailles planters or french planters were invented during the 17th century by La Quintinie and André Le Nôtre, the gardener of King Louis XIV for the château of Versailles, located 25km to the south west of Paris.
At that time exotic fruits were brought from abroad to Versailles, and as the plants were sensitive to the harsh winter weather in Versailles, a large space covered named orangery was built capable of containing thousands of the most exotic trees, like citrus trees and palm trees, where they will be moved to the Orangerie to spend the winter season, from November to April.
Instead of stressing the plants and trees by transplanting several times a year from the gardens to the orangery, by planting and replanting these trees two times a year, André Le Nôtre invented a portable french country planter where the trees could remain permanently all year long.
Due to the harsh climate in France and also due to the heavy weight of the trees, the orange tree planter boxes or french country planters were manufactured with an exceptional solidity, as we still do, our french country planter are even stronger than in 17th century because we are using 21st century materials much more stronger and lighter with an improved ability to withstand the harshest weather conditions.
We are proud to manufacture and sell to the United States as well as worldwide the Authentic Jardinier du Roi, gardens of versailles planter boxes or French planters, also know as Versailles planters or Château de Versailles tree-boxes.
These beautiful gardens of versailles planter boxes beautify the facades and gardens of all kind of properties, castles, chateaux, prestigious homes grand hotels and boutiques all around the world.
Symbole de la beauté, de perfection, de la force et du luxe, sont parfaits pour les topiaires depuis l'Antiquité.
Imaginez votre propre jardin Versailles.
Inspiré sur le travail de André Le Nôtre, le jardinier du Roi Louis XIV, cette belle bacs d'Orangerie de Versailles sont Idéal pour les topiaires et les petits arbres.
La touche de couleur et d'excellence pour votre Maison, Hôtel, Boutique ou événement"
Les premières bac d’orangerie originales jardinières oranges ont été inventés au 17e siècle par La Quintinie et André Le Nôtre, le jardinier du roi Louis XIV pour le château de Versailles, situé à 25 au sud-ouest de Paris.
A cette époque -la les fruits exotiques ont été amenés de l'étranger à Versailles, c’est ainsi que les plantes sont sensibles aux rigueurs de l'hiver à Versailles, une orangerie géante a été construite susceptible de contenir des milliers d'arbres les plus exotiques, comme les arbres d'agrumes et de palmiers.
C’ est la où sera déplacée l'orangerie pour passer la saison d'hiver, de novembre à avril. Au lieu d'insister sur les plantes et les arbres en transplantant plusieurs fois par an dans les jardins de l'Orangerie, André Le Nôtre a inventé une jardinière portable où les arbres peuvent rester en permanence toute l'année.
En raison de la rudesse du climat en France et aussi a cause du poids lourd des arbres des jardinières d'oranger ces bacs ont été fabriqués avec une solidité exceptionnelle, comme nous le faisons aujourd’hui.
Nos jardinières d'oranger sont encore plus fortes que dans le 17ème siècle parce que nous utilisons des matériaux du 21ème siècle beaucoup plus résistants et plus légers avec une capacité améliorée pour résister aux conditions climatiques les plus extrêmes.
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